July 09, 2021

Former President of Montenegro participated in the 24th Eurasian Economic Summit
Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic has participated in the 24th Eurasian Economic Summit, organized online by the Marmara Foundation from Turkey. In the panel discussion dedicated to climate changes and global warming, former Montenegrin President Vujanovic stressed:

Distinguished Dr. Suver, dear Akkan,
Your Excellences,
Dear friends,
Ladies and gentlemen

It is my great pleasure to be a part of the 24th Eurasian Economic Summit organized by the Marmara Foundation, wishing it a great success.

One of the most important challenges for the future of humanity is undoubtedly global warming caused by climate changes.

Wish for progress, uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources, technological and infrastructural prosperity, besides its positive sides, leads to negative effects, which were recognized by the global society just at the end of the last century.

Rio de Janeiro Summit from 1992, which resulted in adopting the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), constructed an institutional and legal framework for combating climate changes. Summit in Rio had opened the doors to the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol from 1997, which extended the UNFCCC. Kyoto Protocol obliged state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, primarily the CO2 emission.

The Kyoto Protocol preceded the adoption of the Paris Agreement from 2016, which is one of the most important multilateral documents agreed on in the previous decade. Paris Agreement predicts the change of energy paradigm and established patterns of action to keep the rise in global average temperature to well below 2C, and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5C. Paris Agreement is legally binding for all the state parties which had ratified it. Montenegro finished the ratification procedure on 11 October 2017 in its Assembly.

Paris Agreement has affirmed the leadership role of the UN and multilateralism as the best framework for sustainable future planning and care for humanity. It is entirely in compliance and is developing the UN SDGs, which also deal with climate changes and necessities for the ecological environment.

The EU has accepted such a UN role, and by the end of 2019, it adopted the European Green Deal. The main aim of this document is for Europe to be the first climate-neutral continent in 2050. European Green Deal covers all the branches of the EU economy, focusing on traffic, infrastructure, energy, agriculture, industry, ICT. In April 2021, the EU reached a compromise through the European Green Deal, which implies adopting the European Climate Law.

Bearing in mind that the Western Balkans, including Montenegro, is willing to become the EU member, such willingness created consent among all the WB states regarding the negative impact of climate change. Though, during the Berlin Process Summit held in Sofia in November 2020, the WB countries adopted the Green Agenda for the Western Balkans. By adopting the Green Agenda, the state parties obliged themselves to implement measures to prevent further climate changes and global warming, dealing with sustainable energy development and protection of biodiversity, mobility and circular economy, sustainable agriculture, and food production. The WB Green Agenda is in its fullness compatible with the European Green Deal and is important for further process on the path toward the EU membership.

When it comes to Montenegro, on 20 September 1991 Assembly of Montenegro adopted the Declaration on the Ecological State of Montenegro. Through its Constitution adopted in 1992, Montenegro defined itself as a democratic, social, and ecological state, which was also the value accepted and involved in the first Montenegrin Constitution after the restoration of independence, adopted in 2007. Montenegro is fully committed to implementing such constitutional values and strivings, which is the process that demands the involvement of all the stakeholders. I expect Montenegro and the Western Balkans to be valuable partners in creating a sustainable and green future.

Wishing the Summit to contribute to a better understanding of this process and result in concrete initiatives, I greet all the participants and organizers.

Thank you for your attention.

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