July 09, 2021

Former President of Montenegro participated in the 24th Eurasian Economic Summit
Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic has participated in the 24th Eurasian Economic Summit, organized online by the Marmara Foundation from Turkey. In the panel discussion dedicated to climate changes and global warming, former Montenegrin President Vujanovic stressed:

Distinguished Dr. Suver, dear Akkan,
Your Excellences,
Dear friends,
Ladies and gentlemen

It is my great pleasure to be a part of the 24th Eurasian Economic Summit organized by the Marmara Foundation, wishing it a great success.

One of the most important challenges for the future of humanity is undoubtedly global warming caused by climate changes.

Wish for progress, uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources, technological and infrastructural prosperity, besides its positive sides, leads to negative effects, which were recognized by the global society just at the end of the last century.

Rio de Janeiro Summit from 1992, which resulted in adopting the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), constructed an institutional and legal framework for combating climate changes. Summit in Rio had opened the doors to the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol from 1997, which extended the UNFCCC. Kyoto Protocol obliged state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, primarily the CO2 emission.

The Kyoto Protocol preceded the adoption of the Paris Agreement from 2016, which is one of the most important multilateral documents agreed on in the previous decade. Paris Agreement predicts the change of energy paradigm and established patterns of action to keep the rise in global average temperature to well below 2°C, and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C. Paris Agreement is legally binding for all the state parties which had ratified it. Montenegro finished the ratification procedure on 11 October 2017 in its Assembly.

Paris Agreement has affirmed the leadership role of the UN and multilateralism as the best framework for sustainable future planning and care for humanity. It is entirely in compliance and is developing the UN SDGs, which also deal with climate changes and necessities for the ecological environment.

The EU has accepted such a UN role, and by the end of 2019, it adopted the European Green Deal. The main aim of this document is for Europe to be the first climate-neutral continent in 2050. European Green Deal covers all the branches of the EU economy, focusing on traffic, infrastructure, energy, agriculture, industry, ICT. In April 2021, the EU reached a compromise through the European Green Deal, which implies adopting the European Climate Law.

Bearing in mind that the Western Balkans, including Montenegro, is willing to become the EU member, such willingness created consent among all the WB states regarding the negative impact of climate change. Though, during the Berlin Process Summit held in Sofia in November 2020, the WB countries adopted the Green Agenda for the Western Balkans. By adopting the Green Agenda, the state parties obliged themselves to implement measures to prevent further climate changes and global warming, dealing with sustainable energy development and protection of biodiversity, mobility and circular economy, sustainable agriculture, and food production. The WB Green Agenda is in its fullness compatible with the European Green Deal and is important for further process on the path toward the EU membership.

When it comes to Montenegro, on 20 September 1991 Assembly of Montenegro adopted the Declaration on the Ecological State of Montenegro. Through its Constitution adopted in 1992, Montenegro defined itself as a democratic, social, and ecological state, which was also the value accepted and involved in the first Montenegrin Constitution after the restoration of independence, adopted in 2007. Montenegro is fully committed to implementing such constitutional values and strivings, which is the process that demands the involvement of all the stakeholders. I expect Montenegro and the Western Balkans to be valuable partners in creating a sustainable and green future.

Wishing the Summit to contribute to a better understanding of this process and result in concrete initiatives, I greet all the participants and organizers.

Thank you for your attention.
April 23, 2021

Former President Filip Vujanović Published a Paper
Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanović published on 21 April 2020 a paper in the Global Times, analyzing the Belt and Road initiative and Montenegrin experiences regarding the cooperation with Chinese companies in building the highway.

Accusing China of creating ‘debt trap’ for Montenegro groundless

The Government of Montenegro’s request to the European Union’s Commission for help to repay the debt to the Chinese ExIm bank for the highway building serves as a new cause for accusations of China’s internationally important Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

Numerous media renew and even strengthen the critique of this globally useful project, groundlessly accusing Chinese foreign policy of its alleged intentions to create a ’debt trap.’ Reportedly, the country can become economically dependent on China, making the space for its political dependence on China.

Qualifying these accusations as unfounded, I have already expressed my opinion on the value of the BRI. I see it as a globally valuable, as an essential affirmation of multilateralism, as a chance for strengthening regional connectivity, and as a development opportunity for all the countries participating. I consider President Xi Jinping’s initiative to implement and affirm this project as a huge chance for participating countries to use attractive and competitive financial potentials of the BRI.

Thanks to this, they can foster their development in the strategically important infrastructure projects, and do more regarding regional connections. Additionally, through links with and within the regions, participants can also affirm a noble mission of multilateralism and intensify closer cooperation in the economy and beyond.

Through its banks, China has provided the most favorable and competent loans, has offered reputable infrastructure contractors, and has given the possibility for domestic contractors as partners in these projects, allowing local enterprises to be involved. Through credits and contractors building along and with local companies, this initiative is an excellent opportunity for the economic development of participating countries using its benefits.
March 27, 2021

Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic participated in webinar on Balkan and Korean Peninsulas
Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic has participated in the Webinar on Balkan and Korean Peninsula organized by the Universal Peace Federation (UPF). Alongside former President Vujanovic, panelists in the webinar were: Alfred Moisiu, former President of Albania, Ho-Jin Lee, Acting President of the UN Association of Korea, Hyung-Suk Kim, former Vice Minister of Unification of Korea, and Heung-Soon Park, professor, and expert on UN affairs. The Moderator of the webinar was Lufti Dervishi, director of Transparency International Albania. In his address, former President Filip Vujanovic stressed the following:

Your Excellences,
Ladies and gentlemen,
Dear friends,

The Universal Peace Federation (UPF) has been continuously putting its efforts to help the Western Balkan region overcome its challenges, which is why it is my great pleasure to participate in this conference. The efforts UPF is putting, which aim toward reconciliation of open issues and maintaining long-lasting peace, are of great importance, not only for Balkan and Korean Peninsula but on a global level.

This webinar’s topic is significant since Balkan and Korean Peninsulas have great experience in their strivings to maintain long-lasting peace and stability. These experiences are rich and diverse, primarily because of historical, demographical, economic, geographical, ideological, religious, and other differences between the two peninsulas. Their experiences are helpful not only for Balkan and Korea but for other lands around the world.

Indeed, differences within Balkan countries are exceeding those which exist between South and North Korea. The most notable difference between the two countries of the Korean peninsula is an ideological one. There is no region in the international community in which such difference is visible to this extend.

No matter the existing differences, the two peninsulas also have at least three similarities affecting their present and future.

The first similarity is the geostrategic and geopolitical importance of both Balkan and Korea on a global level. In recent history, two regions were a sphere of interest of the world’s biggest powers. Earlier, there were the Soviet Union and the United States, and recently there are the United States and China, and Russia to some extent.

Nowadays, the Korean peninsula is an economic partner of great importance for the United States and China. South Korea is one of the most prominent digital and economic powers worldwide. There is also a significant military presence in both countries to maintain peace. On the other side, from a historical perspective, Balkan has always been an intersection between East and West, Christianity and Islam, Europe and Asia. Balkan has always been a massive factor on which Europe’s stability depends.

The second similarity is a challenging and tragic 20th century marked by war destructions, divides, tragic human victims, and suffering. At the beginning of the 20th century, Korea was occupied by Japan, followed by the Russian–Japanese war on the peninsula. After that, Korea started its fight for independence and went through Second World War and the Korean war. Balkan also vastly suffered from wars, and it went through five of them – two Balkan wars, two World wars, and the war during the disintegration of former Yugoslavia.

At the beginning of the 1950s, the Korean peninsula was divided into two states. In the unfortunate events that followed the peninsula division, especially the war between North and South Korea, more than 2.5 million people were killed. Tragic human losses were followed by mass destruction that left scars that could be felt to this day.

While the war between South and North Korea was a matter of ideological discrepancies of one, Korean people, followed by different geopolitical interests of the greatest power of that time, the Yugoslavian war resulted from emerging of extreme nationalism of that time.

That war left a huge mark on Western Balkan relations, and its legacy slows sincere and long-lasting reconciliation. Equally, to both the Balkan and Korean peninsula, the wars have left devastating consequences on economic and overall development between countries, on level of fundamental human rights and freedoms guarantees, and general inter-state relations.

And third, maybe the most important similarity between two globally essential regions is their necessity for long-lasting peace. Experience and history warn Balkan and Korea that war is not an instrument for resolving open issues, differences, and misunderstandings. Contrary, war can only add fuel to the fire and bring demolitions, deepening of problems, and human victims. Unfortunately, our recent past and shared painful experiences are important lessons of peace as the highest value.

Balkan political leaders concluded that the best way to maintain long-lasting peace is to become European Union members and regional cooperation. Some of the Balkan states have already become the EU members, often referred to as the most successful peace project.

Western Balkan states, to achieve EU standards, have created numerous regional mechanisms and initiatives. They cooperate mainly in fields where their national differences aren’t visible, such as economy, education, culture, science, innovations, and research. Of course, it is necessary to improve it. The EU will not be a successful project without Balkan, nor the Balkan could progress and develop without EU membership, as the greatest guarantee of peace and reconciliation.

It is not easy to achieve and maintain peace and reconciliation, but we should always insist on them and promote them as the highest values. Hopefully, this conference will contribute toward that goal.

Thank you for your attention. more
November 19, 2020

Former President of Montenegro on video conference on the Western Balkans
Former Montenegrin President Filip Vujanović participated in a video conference dedicated to relations in the Western Balkans, co-organized by the National Committee on American Foreign Policy (NCAFP), the Nizami Ganjavi International Center (NGIC), and the Foundation for Share Society and Values (FSSV). Besides the former President of Montenegro, other participants to the conference were Zlatko Lagumdžija, former President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mirko Cvetković, former Prime Minister of Serbia, John Connorton, Secretary of the NCAFP, and Matthew Niemec, former Special US President Bill Clinton’s envoy for mediation in the name dispute between Greece and North Macedonia. The video conference’s moderator was Susan Eliot, president and director of the NCAFP.

The topics of the video conference were the fate of the so-called Mini Schengen initiative in the light of the Economic and Investment Plan for the Western Balkans presented in October and concrete proposals for cooperation in the upcoming period between the Western Balkan countries on their path towards European Union.

Concerning the first topic of the video conference and the Mini Schengen initiative’s fate, former President Filip Vujanović stated that Mini Schengen’s idea is a thing of the past and became unnecessary last Western Balkans Summit in Sofia, co-chaired by Bulgaria and North Macedonia. The European Union’s relationship with the Western Balkans has been given a clear and strong framework through the Berlin Process initiative. This initiative was launched in August 2014 by German Chancellor Angela Merkel. A month earlier, she participated in the Brdo-Brioni Initiative Summit in Croatia. At this Summit, Chancellor Merkel and presidents of the Western Balkans, Croatia and Slovenia expressed a clear expectation of more robust and more concrete European Union support for the Western Balkans.

After many years of cooperation and numerous summits of the Western Balkans and the EU leaders, the Berlin Process received a clear direction at the Summit in Sofia on November 10, 2020. Two Declarations were adopted at the Summit: on the Common Regional Market and the Green Agenda for the Western Balkans. By committing to the Common Regional Market foundation, the Western Balkan countries’ leaders have committed themselves to cooperation in common trade, digital, investment, innovation, and industrial space. Indeed, the above-mentioned facilitates and accelerates people’s free movement and the movement of capital, goods, and services with the advantage of digital connectivity. All these values have been put into a function to remedy the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. Along with the Declaration, an Action Plan for its implementation was adopted, with established obligations and deadlines. Montenegro will undoubtedly be a reliable partner in respecting these essential agreements between the EU and the Western Balkans.

One can state that thanks to the Berlin Process and the European Union, the obligation to constitute the Common Regional Market was accepted, which includes everything that was the ambition of Mini Schengen, determining a much broader content of cooperation than envisaged by Mini Schengen. The initiative had a good goal - a stronger regional connection of the Western Balkan countries. Still, it’s creators chosen a lousy way to achieve that goal because, at the same level and immediately, it had to include Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. Concluding the first part of the discussion, former President Filip Vujanović stated that the constituted Common Regional Market is a solid framework and a strong chance for further regional integration.

The former President of Montenegro pointed out the numerous possibilities that the recently presented European Commission’s Economic and Investment Plan provides to implement the Common Regional Market idea. This plan designs an excellent opportunity to enhance regional cooperation in all fields, primarily through more solid infrastructure and energy connectivity, which along with digital transformation, is a crucial segment of improving the Western Balkans’ business environment and a chance to attract foreign investment.

Speaking on the European and Euro-Atlantic perspective of Montenegro and the region, former President Vujanovic reminded that Montenegro is a credible member of NATO. Montenegro has made the greatest progress towards the EU membership path among Western Balkans, with all chapters opened and three temporarily closed. He also stated that without Western Balkans, the European Union could not be successful as an idea nor will be fulfilled project. President Filip Vujanovic recognized the need to fulfill previously agreed obligations and better implementation of contracted projects as crucial elements for strengthening the Western Balkans’ European perspective and fostering regional relations. He concluded that Western Balkan countries must be more focused and proactive when approaching the implementation of already contracted projects whose goal is to strengthen the ties within the Western Balkans. more
October 08, 2020

Former President of Montenegro in the 23rd Eurasian Economic Summit
Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanović participated on October 8, 2020, in the 23rd Eurasian Economic Summit, organized by the Marmara Foundation from Turkey. This years summit is holding online, and on the panel headlined ’Contemporary Sagacious People - New Power Balances and Respect and Governance’, the former Montenegrin President announced:

Distinguished Dr. Suver,
Ladies and gentlemen,
Dear friends,

First of all, I would like to express my utmost respect to the Marmara Foundation and its president, dr. Akkan Suver and to wish the successful realization of this Summit.

Facing the new reality caused by the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, I would also like to use this opportunity to point out the importance of various activities that the Marmara Foundation organized in previous months to raise the awareness of fighting the disease.

This forum is a well-known ground for open discussion. I genuinely believe that we will have conclusions within the panels, which should help overcome the world’s challenges.

This Summit’s topic is the world after the Coronavirus and new power balances in globalization, respect, and governance. To think about humanity’s future after the coronavirus pandemic, we should first face the present and do whatever it takes to overcome this devastating pandemic. Unfortunately, thousands of lives are lost, millions are currently at risk of the pandemic, and we should do our best to save human lives.

The critics towards international organizations are apparent, but the pandemic has undoubtedly shown us that their role in our global society is irreplaceable. We need a strong United Nations to act successfully on a worldwide level. We need a strong and unified World Health Organization to overcome this pandemic. We need support from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to help national economies to recover and maintain fiscal stability.

We also need these international organizations to help us fight against poverty, climate change, human rights, the affirmation of democracy, peace, and security – basically, for every value of our lives.

Indeed, this is not a good time to promote isolationism and national interests, but for a global partnership for the common good. During the last 70 years, we have been building a deeply connected and interdependent global society that should be a guarantor for overall development.

When it comes to Montenegro, we followed the World Health Organization’s recommendations from the beginning of the pandemic. To cooperate in all the activities regarding the fight against the virus, the Montenegrin government has founded the National Coordination Body for Communicable Diseases. Our country has provided very successful cooperation with various countries and organizations in fighting the virus throughout this body. The EU, China, the United States, Turkey are among the partner countries and organizations that helped us overcome the virus’ negative impacts.

As has already been said, it is still early to think about the world after the pandemics. But at the same time, I am assured this virus will speed up the reform process in many global organizations.

Once again, we have to give a chance to international solidarity, unity, and cooperation to lead us towards a sustainable future and progress. In the end, no matter how strong our national interests, state economies, and business societies are, the Covid-19 has shown us how necessary and irreplaceable global cooperation is.

Thank you for your attention. more
July 30, 2020

Former president of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic on video conference on Western Balkans
On July 30, 2020, former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic participated in the video conference headlined ’The Western Balkans: Facing up to Historical Challenges and Seizing Looming Opportunities’. The Universal Peace Federation (UPF) organized this conference. Besides former Montenegrin President Filip Vujanovic, the panelists were former Albanian President Alfred Moisiu, former acting president of Serbia Natasa Micic, and former President of Kosovo Fatmir Sejdiu. In his address, former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic stressed:

Your Excellencies,
Ladies and gentlemen,
Dear friends,

I express my gratitude to the UPF for organizing this conference and its commitment to the Western Balkans to overcome its challenges and find the best future.

We live in a time when such conferences, dedicated to any topic, should highlight the current Covid-19 pandemic. Expressing sorrow for the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives, for millions of patients and those at risk of the pandemic, we need to express our faith that humanity will overcome it. We also hope that our society has enough potential to overcome the enormous economic losses caused by the pandemic and utilize all the experience gained through those difficult times in protecting itself from all other global challenges.

Dealing with global problems such as sustainable development, climate change issues, and especially this pandemic confirm the irreplaceable multilateralism role in our daily lives. No matter how powerful and significant are some countries, how important and influential are some regions of the world, global partnership and cooperation have no alternative. That is why multilateral organizations have exceptional value, and our obligations are to strengthen them and develop them. The current pandemic has also shown us the importance of the World Health Organization, whose values we should affirm, and at the same time, whose weaknesses we need to eliminate. All global problems and challenges have confirmed the value of the UN, expressing at the same time the necessity to ensure greater efficiency of this most important international organization.

The Western Balkan countries should accept those global interests, using their historical experiences as a lesson for the future. Unfortunately, the historical occasions of the Western Balkans are both numerous and painful. During the last century, the Western Balkan region went through two Balkan wars, two world wars, and the devastating war during the disintegration of Ex-Yugoslavia.

The history of the Western Balkans confirms that peace has no alternative. At the same time, it affirms that dialogue is the best way to resolve open issues. In the end, it confirms that cooperation and partnership are both precondition and guarantee for the development of the Western Balkans countries and the region as a whole.

Indeed, the exceptional value of the Western Balkans in this regard is the membership of Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Albania in NATO, Kosovo s determination to be a part of the Alliance, and the membership of Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in its Partnership for Peace program.

Additionally, the Western Balkan countries’ willingness to become members of the European Union is also of great value for the future. Montenegro has opened all negotiating chapters in this process. Serbia has opened sixteen chapters, North Macedonia and Albania have almost started accession negotiations. Bosnia and Herzegovina have taken the necessary steps to gain candidate status, and Kosovo has shown an evident readiness for European integration. One must point out that the Western Balkans won’t have full prosperity without the EU membership, nor the EU will be complete without the Western Balkans!

In addition to the European and Euro-Atlantic integration, the Western Balkan counties should also strive toward further strengthening regional cooperation ties in the field of economy, education, culture, science, research, and innovation. They have committed themselves to this by the EU’s agreement and throughout numerous regional contracts and initiatives, among which the most important are the Berlin Process, the CEFTA, and the South-East European Cooperation Process. But, first and foremost, they are obliged to keep their individual and shared interests in mind.

Finally, to emphasize the importance of cooperation within the Western Balkans, the Podgorica Club, whose members are participants in this conference, was established. Members of the Club are former presidents and prime ministers of the Western Balkan countries, Croatia and Slovenia. Throughout our work, we are strongly advocating European integration of the region, supporting the regional cooperation simultaneously, throughout strengthening ties in areas of mutual interest. We will resolutely continue to promote these values and the need for collaboration and good neighborly relations. I am convinced that the Western Balkans’ future lies in deeper connectivity and affirmation of European and Euro-Atlantic integration.

Thank you for your attention! more
March 05, 2020

Sarajevo: Former President of Montenegro at the Bosnia and Herzegovina 2020 Economic Forum
Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanović participated in the Bosnia and Herzegovina 2020 Economic Forum. In his address on the panel dedicated to the goals of sustainable development and the new narrative for the Western Balkans 2030, former President Vujanović stated:

The initial reason for the Podgorica Club’s foundation was to support European integration and regional cooperation in the Western Balkans in the areas defined by the EU strategic documents for our region (Credible Strategy for the Western Balkans 2018, Sofia Declaration May 2018). These areas are the economy, education, culture, science, and research. Through fulfilling these goals, the Podgorica Club is firmly committed to affirming the UN Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 and the 2020 Strategy of the Regional Cooperation Council of the Southeast European Cooperation Process (SEECP).

With its program goals, mission, and vision of action, sublimated through the action concept "New Narrative of the Western Balkans - Vision 2030", the Podgorica Club’s activities are entirely future-oriented. The Club’s goal is to make a decisive step forward through the members’ experience and free the region from the burden of the past, which this area has lived long enough and, unfortunately, has often been its hostage.

Through a little more than a year of operation, the Podgorica Club has made a full contribution to European integration through concrete activities. The Club held a regional Conference headlined "The EU Enlargement at the Crossroads" in Skopje in June 2019, when we called out the European Union to respect the "rules of the game" in the integration process and to open negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia.

Previously, in April 2019, in Ulcinj, in cooperation with the Ministry of Science of Montenegro, we held the Forum "Science and Innovation Vision 2030 for the Western Balkans". In addition to presenting the best models of cooperation in science, the forum’s conclusions and recommendations sent strong support toward the Southeast European International Institute for Sustainable Technologies’ foundation (SEEIIST). The institute aims at state-of-the-art cancer therapy and biomedical research with protons and heavier ions. Three months after the Ulcinj Forum, Western Balkan heads of states and governments signed the Memorandum of Understanding for its foundation at the Berlin Process Summit in Poznan.

Throughout the support for regional cooperation and synchronized action towards the international community, the Western Balkans is strengthening its visibility and credibility internationally. It can also respond faster and more efficiently to its European integration path and the UN Agenda 2030 challenges.

In summary, the Podgorica Club operates in three directions - regional, European, and global.

Analyzes compliance between the European integration process and sustainable development goals from the 2030 Agenda show a high complementarity between these two processes. As many as 109 out of 169 sustainable development tasks in 17 goals are related to European integration. Suppose we add that every EU strategic document’s priority dedicated to integrating the Western Balkans in the EU is the support of regional cooperation; in that case, the Podgorica Club’s conclusion unites these three processes is their active promoter. Only the activities as mentioned above, organized by the Podgorica Club, directly or indirectly, can be related to the most sustainable development goals. more
February 06, 2020

Former President of Montenegro in Seoul
Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic is attending the UPF’s World Summit 2020 - Interdependence, Mutual Prosperity, and Universal Values. Throughout the Summit, former Montenegrin President met with several distinguished guests, including former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, former European Commission’s President Jose Manuel Barroso, and former NATO Secretary-General Anders Rasmussen. more
February 06, 2020

Seoul: Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanović at the World Summit 2020
Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic participates in the "World Summit 2020 – interdependence, mutual prosperity and universal Values", currently held in Seoul, South Korea. The World Peace Federation (UPF), an international non-governmental organization with a general consultative status with the UN’s Economic and Social Council, is an organizer of the summit. The UPF is a great contributor to solving open inter-state, inter-ethnic, and interreligious issues through its activities and appreciation of universal values of peace and dialogue.

Former President Vujanovic participated in the consultations dedicated to the Western Balkan, mainly focusing on the Balkan Peace Initiative, an initiative initiated and supported by the UPF. Other than former President of Montenegro, the participants on this event moderated by former US Ambassador Cristopher Hill were UPF’s Char for Europe and Middle East Dr. Katsumi Otsuka, former President of Albania Alfred Moisiu and former Prime Minister of Albania Vilson Ahmeti, former Secretary-General of NATO Anders Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Sweden Carl Bildt, president of Forum for Strategic Studies and former MP in Serbian National Assembly Neven Cvetičanin, and president of Institut Prospective & Sécurité en Europe (IPSE) Emmanuel Dupuy.

Former Montenegrin President expressed his gratitude towards UPF and its initiative, which has mainly focused on promoting the importance of peace in the Western Balkan. He made a brief retrospective of wars on the Balkan peninsula from the 20th century, reminding of the consequences of two Balkan wars, two world wars, and the war caused a disintegration of former Yugoslavia, reiterating the constructive role of Montenegro in these processes. Former President Vujanovic emphasized that the Euro-Atlantic integration and further cooperation within and with NATO is the best sustainable way towards long-lasting peace. On this line, he reminded that Montenegro, Albania, and North Macedonia are NATO members, Kosovo wants this membership, and Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina participates in the NATO program Partnership for Peace. Former President Vujanovic concluded that all the stakeholders participating in defining Western Balkan’s future should express mutual respect, embrace the diversities and different opinions, and use open dialogue as an essential instrument for realizing mutual goals. more
January 22, 2020

Athens: High-Level Meeting on Climate Change Impact
Former President of Montenegro Mr. Filip Vujaniovic participated at the XX High-Level Meeting co-organized by the Nizami Ganjavi International Center and Marianna V. Vardinoyannis Foundation, under the headline "Climate Change: its impact on the life and the cultural heritage of the Mediterranean". The meeting was held in Athens from 20 to 23 January 2020. On this occasion Mr. Vujanovic took a part in the panel discussion on topic "2030: Challenges and Opportunities of the Coming Decade: Paradigm Shift in Politics, Business and Society", and addressed following:

The challenges and opportunities of the coming decade will be the same as in the previous decades.There will surely be challenges and obligations to preserve globalism against anti-globalism that has never harmless.

Experience has shown that it will remain dangerous, which additionally and strongly mobilizes all countries to affirm the value of globalism.

Historically, the strongest and most successful response to anti-globalism was the formation of the United Nations, which was necessary to prevent the tragic consequences of the World War II from happening again.

That is why the UNČs primary mission is to maintain international peace and stability, but also to promote and protect human rights, strengthen social and economic development, protect the environment, and provide humanitarian assistance in natural disasters.

Ever since the UN dominated globalism, its mission was fulfilled.

However, the mission was threatened when the interests of the individual states, especially the wealthiest and most powerful, began to dominate.

This shows that globalization is often threatened and that its protection is a permanent obligation.

If one considers the UN’s success in projects over the past decades, such as the Millennium Goals, the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, then it must be stated that globalization and the UN mission have no alternative.

It should also be noted that the past decade has witnessed antiglobal policies and aspirations. It has testified to putting the interests of oneČs own country first, while jeopardizing global interests and goals.

The announcement that the global achievements of the UN are being abandoned, such as climate agreement, is an example of anti-globalization. It is a very dangerous example because it jeopardises one of the most important global needs – the protection of people’s health.

Therefore, it is the duty of all leaders, with greater or lesser influence, of the civil organizations operating nationally, regionally and globally, as well as the media communities, to promote and protect globalism.Montenegro has a particular interest to be active partner in the prevention of a climate change.At the same time Montenegro will be reliably partner in all global activities showing that Montenegro is responsible member of all international organisations.

Of course, the previous decade has had successful national and regional policies that were filled with universal value, humanity and solidarity.

Their countries should be proud and valued as an example to follow.

The promotion and protection of globalism does not mean that the UN should not be reformed.

On the contrary. The reform of the UN must take place as soon as possible in order to provide for the stronger and more influential UN.

On the other hand, globalism should also be promoted through the missions of other global organizations.

Globally, trade is best protected through the genuine and effective functions of the World Trade Organization.

Also, there is no better way to protect the health of the people, than by activities of the World Health Organization.

All other global organizations, with their own success, bring the common good to humankind.

I am convinced that our XX High Level Meeting will promote the values of globalization and strongly point out the dangers of anti-globalization.

Therefore, this meeting has a special value and commits itself to respecting those who support it.

Thank you for your attention more
December 01, 2019

Guangzhou: Former President of Montenegro at the International Forum in PR China

Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic is participating in the International forum dedicated to multilateralism and sustainable development, in Guangzhou, PR of China.

On the session concerned with multilateralism and Paris Agreement he addressed following:

Mr. President,
Ladies and gentlemen,

Climate protection and the preservation of a healthy environment are important priorities of the international community.

The UN Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 and its implementation should provide a humanity of universal values.

The values of human rights, the rule of law and the exclusion of discrimination.

In a healthy environment in a society of equal rights and chances for all, a quality life is ensured.

For almost three decades, the UN has persisted and strongly promotes the need to prevent climate change.

Important, but not sufficient, was the 1997 Kyoto agreement. It was based on the Paris Agreement signed by the 171 states at the UN on 23 April 2016.

Never more global approval. Never more signatures in one day and never more enthusiasm and hope for the entire international community.

On behalf of Montenegro, as the President, I signed it with the greatest responsibility. The Parliament of Montenegro ratified it and the Government and all entities of the state and society implement it responsibly.

Many states have acted responsibly and effectively, contributing fully to the need for mutual success.

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change, as a milestone in the UN Sustainable Development Agenda, provides a unique global multilateral framework for addressing the serious challenges of the extremely negative impact of climate change.

Urgent and strong action is needed to strengthen ambitions and accelerate the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

Synergies between the UN Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 and the Paris Agreement must be steadily intensified to prevent temperatures above 1.5 degrees C from rising.

The greatest obligation and the greatest responsibility is on the countries most at risk of the environment.

In China, which has been dedicated and effectively demonstrated to have significantly improved the quality of the environment for the benefit of its people and its humanity.

Also, the United States, which after China is most threatening to the environment. AmericaČs official policy in the first place is opposed to the commitments made in the Paris Agreement.

This must not discourage others. They must encourage many and significant entities in the United States who want to preserve the environment and who, in community and in multilateralism, protect their own state and society.

I will end with the message that we need to be together to be stronger individually.

Thank you for your attention. more
November 28, 2019

Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic visits Italy

Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic is paying two-days visit to Rome alongside Nizami Ganjavi International Center. Former presidents of states and governments, who are the members of NGIC, whose Board Member is former President Vujanovic, have met today with Pope Francis.

Pope Francis stressed as follows:

Ladies and gentlemen,

First and foremost, I wish you warm welcome. Thank you for your visit especially to Nizami Ganjavi Foundation which chose Rome as a place to held this meeting.

I am thankful for your dedication to face with major challenges of nowadays, aiming to promote peace through dialogue and mutual respect, inspired by great Persian poet from 12th century, after whom your foundation has been named. Using your broad experience and values you gained while covering positions with great responsibilities, you are working to the benefit of global society. I wish you great results facing with climate changes challenges.

I encourage you to keep continue with doing so, convinced that the best way for this is throughout dialogue, mutual cooperation and understanding, which at the same time are methods which helps developing fraternity between people and nations. ("Document on Human Fraternity", Abu Dhabi, 4 February 2019).

Once again, thank you very much. May God bless your work, your peoples and all humankind.
November 27, 2019

Rome: Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic is paying visit to Italy

Former President of Montenegro is currently paying two-day visit to Italy, alongside Nizami Ganjavi International Center. On this occasion NGIC, whose Board member is former President Vujanovic, has organized High-Level Meeting in the Senate of the Republic of Italy. On the panel which was concerned with challenges of Caspian and Mediterranean region, former President Vujanovic addressed following:

Dear moderator and panelists,
Your Excellencies,
Ladies and gentlemen,

I am grateful to the NGIC for organising this panel and for the opportunity to participate in it.

Ownership and quality of energy is a condition of economic stability, the basis of economic development and a guarantee of quality of life for construction. Since regions and countries have different energy situations, cooperation in this field is of utmost importance and represents a regional and global obligation.

The quality of this cooperation largely depends on the quality of life. Energy development implies dialogue, agreement and cooperation.

Energy development excludes disrespect for the other and the use of force. Therefore, energy cooperation is a proof of responsibility to the present and concern for the future.

Cooperation in the field of energy is an important part of bilateral, regional and global politics.

I am grateful to the NGIC to participate in the energy cooperation panels of the Caspian and Mediterranean regions because I was at an important regional and intercontinental conference that made a crucial decision for the cooperation and energy future of this region.

In December 2013, in Baku,as President of Montenegro, I participated in the conference establishing the Adriatic pipeline route from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean region.

This offers the wealth of gas from a source in the Caspian Sea as a chance to solve the lack of gas in this important part of the Mediterranean.

The Adriatic direction, within the Adriatic-Ionian pipeline, includes Albania, Montenegro, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. At at the end of this conference an agreement was signed between these four countries and Azerbaijan.

This conference established the final network of this intercontinental pipeline from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean.

What I emphasized at that conference in relation to Montenegro I think now. It is a significant project for Montenegro that offers the energy source that lacks. It gives a chance for important income, new jobs, but also an opportunity for Montenegro to confirm itself as an energy source hub of the Western Balkans.

This position of the energy hub of Montenegro is strongly contributed by the submarine cable for the transmission of electricity between Montenegro and Italy, which was put into operation this month. It is a valuable energy connection of the Western Balkans and Italy with a chance for significant export of electricity.

Montenegro is very interested in regional dialogue and energy integration of the Western Balkans, considering that energy stability is an important condition for overall economic stability.

The preliminary design of the Adriatic Ionian gas pipeline should be completed by September next year. Montenegro is making its maximum contribution, as it is dedicated to participating in the establishment of a regional dialogue on Mediterranean energy security.

Finally, I would like to express my satisfaction that the pipeline from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean - TANAP, TAP, IAP - is set up to the border with Greece, with the expectation that it will be realized with good dynamics.

Thank you for your attention. more
July 11, 2019

Former President of Montenegro Filip Vujanovic in Geneva

Former President of Montenegro participated today at the opening ceremony of the 7th Summit of Global Order of Dignitaries and Philanthropist, which is currently being held in Geneva, Switzerland, supported by the UN.

On this occasion, former President Vujanovic addressed following:

It gives me great honour to accept the invitation of Her Highness Princess Dr. Maria Amor Torres from the Philippines and to greet you at the opening ceremony of the G.O.D. – one of the flagship events of “We Care for Humanity”.

By adopting the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, world leaders committed themselves to build a world of universal respect for human rights and human dignity, the rule of law, justice and equality, without any form of discrimination. A sustainable society is a tolerant society, in which every individual is enabled to live up to his/her potential and therefore to increase the potential of the society itself.

Through the joint endeavours of the UN and political and economic leaders all over the world, we need to strengthen the voice of humanism so as to offer widely acceptable, flexible and effective solutions. Being aware of the great transformative potential of the 17 sustainable development goals and 169 related targets of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, we must pay particular attention to empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality. Preservation of the environment on one hand, and inclusiveness and equality on the other, can work together, remaining central on the list of sustainable development priorities.

Along with environmental deterioration, an equally important threat nowadays is related to the increase in human rights violations. According to the World Bank, the number of people living in fragile and conflict-affected situations is projected to increase to 46% of the global population by 2030. At the same time there is an unprecedented number of people that have been forcibly removed from their homes worldwide. UNHCR estimates that 65.6 million individuals were forcibly displaced at the end of 2016 as a result of persecution, conflict, violence or human rights violations. The rapidly increasing number of crises across the world is a tremendous threat that calls for our prompt action towards a sustainable future for generations to come.

Implementation of the Paris Agreement is another key challenge of mankind. As governments seek to deliver an emissionneutral economy by the middle of this century, the implications of the Paris Agreement for the future energy sector will be extraordinary in their scale and scope. Renewable energy, combined with energy efficiency, offers our best chance to avoid catastrophic climate change impacts. Clean energy solutions with a particular role for renewables must be a part of any viable solution to mitigate climate change.

The responses to the challenges of today need to lead to the development of a more solid, happy and sustainable world. Education must be at the centre of our efforts to liberate the hidden potential of humankind for transforming our reality. A green economy, environmental upgrading, poverty reduction and social inclusion, basically requires quality education policies.

The responses of my country – Montenegro – are foreseen within the implementation of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development by 2030. It represents a long-term development strategy of Montenegro which sets out solutions for the sustainable development of Montenegrin society with the aim of fully embracing the requirements set out in the 2030 UN Agenda for Sustainable Development.

With the expectation that the implementation of the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development will shape our responses to the emerging needs of today, please allow me to conclude by wishing all of us productive work towards sustainable humanitarianism. more


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